October 25, 2020
The Builders of Serpent Mound
There is still controversy about who built the iconic Serpent Mound in Ohio. The site was occupied three times in antiquity. There is still controversy about who built the iconic Serpent Mound in Ohio. The site was occupied three times in antiquity. At 450 BCE, the Adena culture built two burial mounds and a habitation area near by.
At 1100 CE, the Fort Ancient culture had a village there with a palisade and a burial mound.
Construction work at the site yielded charcoal remains dated to 1000-1200 CE connected to the Fort Ancient Culture. This matched charcoal dated remains at Serpent Mound.This is an indication that Serpent Mound may have been built by the Fort Ancient people.
The great Brad Lepper submitted his report here;
The Adena/Hopewell Transition
The Adena people built Ohio’s first mounds, including Shrum Mound in Columbus.
The Hopewell Culture succeeded the Adena at 1 CE. They built gigantic earth enclosures at places like Newark and Chillicothe, showing Hopewell understanding of geometry and astronomy.
The Hopewell sphere of influence stretched from Florida to Wyoming. Caldwell Mound was built when the Hopewell were branching off from the Adena.
It had four burials, two in a central log tomb at the base of the mound, one in the center of the mound, and another place in the side of the mound centuries later. The two buried together were a ceremonial leader and a clan leader. The one buried in the center was a ceremonial leader. In the mound were spear points and pottery that was Adena in design. And a spear point and copper head plate that was Hopewell in design.
This could have been Hopewell using heirloom Adena objects or Adena beginning to adopt the new Hopewell identity.
Brad Lepper has the report here;
Mike Ruggeri’s Adena and Hopewell World